Male Infertility: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Options in 2019

Infertility is the inability of a couple to become pregnant even after recurrent attempts. Infertility treatment is given to a couple who are found to be infertile and wish to become parents. Although people have a preconceived notion that only women are responsible for infertility, men are equally responsible as it has been found in various cases that the reason a couple couldn’t conceive was male factor infertility. 

Male factor infertility contributes to a third of infertility cases. There are various causes of infertility in men such as low sperm count, abnormally shaped sperm, or other blockages that disrupt the rapid movement of the sperm. Other causes of male infertility are certain health issues, injury, disability, contagious diseases, or lifestyle factors that prevent the couple from becoming pregnant.

The inability to conceive can be stressful and devastating, but there are several infertility treatments available at Dynamic Fertility & IVF Centre to diagnose and treat the cause of male factor infertility. We have highly qualified fertility experts who apply all their skills and expertise to eradicate the cause of infertility in men and provide appropriate treatment. We ensure to provide you a quality fertility treatment and enable you to experience the joy of parenthood.  

Symptoms of Infertility in Men
The most obvious signs indicating a man is infertile is their inability to conceive. However, there may be other major problems such as genetic disorder, enlarged veins in the scrotum blocking the sperm movement, and hormonal imbalances.

Some of the common signs and symptoms of male factor infertility are listed below:

  • Problems with ejaculation:  The inability to ejaculate or small amounts of ejaculated fluid, or decreased sex drive, are the signs implying it’s time to visit a doctor.
  • Erectile dysfunction: When it is difficult for a man to maintain a firm erection during sexual intercourse, which is maybe due to reduced hormonal levels, can lead to an issue in conceiving successfully.
  • Swollen testicles: Men’s testicles are sensitive and it can be uncomfortable and painful when they have swollen. The swelling could be caused by injury, infection, testicular torsion, issues with veins, etc. These conditions can lead to the cause of infertility in men.
  • Low Sperm Count: If you have low sperm count or if your sperm count is lower than 15 million sperm per milliliter, then it’s an indication that you need to see a fertility doctor for improving the chances of conceiving.

Causes of Male Infertility

Unhealthy sperm or low sperm count is amongst the major causes of infertility in men. There has been reported a significant rise in the number of male infertility cases over the past few years and the situation continues to worsen. There are various causes of male infertility such as hormonal imbalances, physical issues, and behavioral problems. Additionally, there are some common causes that have been the reason for infertility in men.

Some of the common causes of infertility in men are:

·         Varicocele: It is a condition in which the enlarged veins on the testicles are apparent or have become swollen. Varicocele can be corrected through surgery and is a common problem leading to low sperm count, bad quality sperm or low motility sperm, and also leading to the cause of infertility in men.

·         Damaged sperm ducts: When a man has damaged sperm ducts it is difficult for his sperms to effectively emerge out of the penis. There are various causes for such duct obstruction such as inherited disorders, resulting in the absence of tubes that transport the sperm from the testicles to the penis.

·         Infection: There are specific infections that can disrupt the process of sperm production and capable of blocking the passage from which the sperm passes such as gonorrhea, HIV, sexually transmitted infections, inflammation of the epididymis, etc. If you have any of these infections then it will be hard for you to conceive and a fertility treatment may be required.

·         Tumors. Benign tumors or cancer growth can dramatically affect the smooth functioning of the male reproductive organs. These tumors can affect the glands that secrete hormones related to reproduction such as the pituitary gland. In certain cases, different surgeries and radiation therapies can prove to be beneficial in treating tumors that are the cause of male infertility.

·         Undescended testicles: During prenatal development, the testicle fails to move properly into its position down into the scrotal sac. An undescended testicle can lead to the problem with infertility and also has the possibility of turning into cancer.

Male Infertility Treatment Options 2019
Male infertility is a complicated condition and the exact cause is hard to determine. Our fertility specialists work diligently to find the cause of infertility in men and give appropriate treatment that will increase the chances of conception. Fertility treatment is a complicated and time-consuming procedure and demands patience and emotional stability.

At Dynamic Fertility & IVF Centre, we have fertility experts having more than 30 years of experience in performing fertility treatments with accuracy and perfection. We have provided fertility treatments to various couples and have delivered healthy babies to them. Our fertility doctors cautiously examine the condition of the patient to find out the cause of male factor infertility. While some conditions can be corrected with basic medication and treatments, some severe condition requires the use of advanced fertility treatment in order to deal with the recurrent infertility issue.

Different Male Infertility Treatments Available at Dynamic Fertility & IVF Centre.

IUI (Intrauterine Insemination)
IUI or artificial insemination is the technique in which a woman gets artificially inseminated using the male’s sperm. During the IUI treatment procedure, the doctor directly injects sperm into the uterus of the mother in order to induce pregnancy. This is the simplest method of becoming pregnant when a couple is unable to conceive naturally due to male factor infertility. The woman is giving medication to induce ovulation in case the woman is not ovulating. In the course of the treatment, healthy sperm is selected and injected into the uterus of the mother for increasing the chances of conception.

IVF with donor sperm
IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a type of assisted reproductive technique in which fertilization occurs outside the woman’s body. In IVF, fertility medication is given to the woman so that her ovaries could produce a sufficient amount of eggs. Once the eggs become mature, they are taken out with the help of the egg retrieval procedure. These collected eggs are then mixed with the sperm provided by the sperm donor. After fertilization takes place, the formed embryo(s) are placed inside the womb of the woman. Some tests and ultrasounds are done on the woman to find out if pregnancy has occurred. This procedure is beneficial when the cause of infertility is in men and he is incapable of producing good quality motile sperms.

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection)
ICSI is an advanced type of IVF treatment performed in case of male infertility caused due to poor motility sperm, low sperm count, or abnormally shaped sperm. During ICSI treatment, a sperm is injected into the cytoplasm of an egg. The doctor uses a delicate needle to pick up a single high-motility sperm, which is then injected into the mature egg received from the conventional IVF technique. After healthy fertilization is achieved, the embryo is introduced inside the uterus of the woman and pregnancy takes place.
ICSI technique is usually employed when a couple has experienced failure with the traditional IVF cycle. This treatment increases the chances of conception and has proven to deliver high success rates.

PICSI (Physiological Intra-cytoplasmic Sperm Injection)
PICSI treatment procedure is quite similar to ICSI, the only difference is sperm is selected on the basis of its ability to bond with hyaluronic acid, which is a substance that surrounds the egg that prevents immotile sperms from entering into it. During the PICSI treatment, small drops of hyaluronan substance are poured at the base of a petri dish; the sperms obtained from semen collection procedure are kept in this petri dish until fused with the hyaluronan substance.
The sperm that bonds well with hyaluronan is selected for the purpose of injecting it to the egg. Once successful fertilization is achieved, the resulted embryo is placed inside the womb of the mother and pregnancy occurs naturally.

IMSI (Intracytoplasmic Morphologically Selected Sperm Injection)

IMSI is an amplified version of ICSI in which sperms are examined under a microscope with magnification up to 6000x that enables the doctor to have a more clear view of the sperm cells in order to detect the smallest abnormalities in the sperm, which are leading to the cause of infertility in men. With the help of IMSI technique, the doctor selects the best quality sperm and injects it into the egg, thus significantly improving the chances of conception.

This advanced method is recommended to patients who have had failures with IVF or ICSI treatment. ICSI technique makes it easier for the doctor to assess the morphology of the sperm and keep low-quality immotile sperms from getting into the egg.

The fertility doctors and specialists at Dynamic Fertility & IVF Centre are highly skilled at performing various fertility treatments and have provided desired outcomes to various infertile couples. We are widely acknowledged for giving fertility treatments at an acceptable price without comprising on the quality of treatment given. Our success rates are higher in comparison to other fertility clinics, which is why international patients choose us for their fertility treatment.

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